The vitiligo, a skin problem more commonly associated with type 1 diabetes than type 2 diabetes, affects skin coloration. With vitiligo, the special cells that produce the pigment are destroyed, resulting in patches of discolored skin. Vitiligo often affects the chest and abdomen, but can be found on the face around the mouth, nostrils, and eyes. Options Current treatments for vitiligo include topical steroids and micropigmentation (tattoos). If you have vitiligo, you should use sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to avoid sunburn on discolored skin.
Diabetes and vitiligo are two autoimmune diseases. In this type of pathology, it is our own immune system that acts against healthy cells and identifies them as infectious and / or harmful pathogens for our body, which causes them to be destroyed.
When it comes to diabetes, the immune system attacks the cells responsible for insulin production and the vitiligo melanocytes, responsible for melanin production.
People with diabetes are considered more likely to develop vitiligo. In fact, some studies have shown that between 5% and 10% of people with type 1 diabetes can also have this skin disease.
Diabetes is a disease characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood.
This distortion is caused by a malfunction of the pancreas, responsible for producing insulin, the hormone responsible for transporting glucose to our cells and converting it into energy.
Symptoms associated with diabetes include:
- Excessive thirst
- Blurry vision
- The need to urinate continuously
- Excessive appetite
- Recurrent skin infections
- Firmness in feet and hands or knitted fabric